W 3/5: Now that you have performed some preliminary research, describe how you will decide which sources to include in your research paper. What are your criteria for selecting these sources? How will you evaluate them for credibility? How will you decide what information to include from these sources and when to quote, paraphrase, or summarize the source’s information?
To me, the most important way to decide which sources to include in my research paper is finding research from the SLU library resources such as the databases, ebooks, academic journals, and information from studies that were published. Information that was published from studies entail research from looking at bilingual programs over to elementary children who are native English speakers. I will be looking at the date the work was written. Also, I will evaluate the author and the publisher. It is important to pay attention to the intentions of the work. For example, it is not as reliable if someone was trying to sell something. I need to look at the sponsors of the work. This means looking at the URL such as .gov or .org. I will look at this criteria to evaluate the credibility of the source. If the information perfectly captures a thought, I will use a quote. I will paraphrase if the information can be broken down in a way that means the same thing as the original text. I will summarize if the information needs to be condensed and can be said in a shorter format than the original text.
1. Narrow your choices to two possible topics. Describe each topic in as many details as possible.
2. Then, assess each topic by addressing the following questions:
Is this topic appropriately narrowed and focused for a discussion of major causes or effects? Explain.
Why are you interested in this topic? Do you have a personal or professional connection to the subject? State at least three reasons for your choice.
Is this a significant topic of interest to others? Why? Who specifically might find it interesting, informative, or entertaining?
List at least three major causes and two effects that you might develop in the discussion of your topic.
What difficulties, if any, do you anticipate might arise during drafting? For example, how might you convince a skeptical reader that your causal relationship is not merely a temporal one?
One of my possible topics is instituting bilingual programs into elementary education. Specifically, I would describe Spanish and English as the two languages that young children can learn as part of the bilingual program. The causation of the analysis would be why there are not bilingual programs in schools. Another causation could be the effects would be divided into two categories. First of all, the effects of having a bilingual program and the effects of not having a bilingual program. This is the topic I am more interested in for my essay. Another causation could be eliminating bilingual programs. One effect would be what would happen after a programs was eliminated and what would happen once a program was established. The other topic I have though about is cutting of special education programs. This would have a similar cause and effect as bilinugal programs. More specifically, the causation would be why special special education programs are cut. The effects would be from having a special education program and not having a special education program. I could narrow this topic to cuts in Missouri for special education programs. First, the causation would be not having special education programs in Missouri. Then, my effects would be having a special education programs in Missouri school districts and not having special education programs in Missouri. For both these topic, other causationa can entail budget cuts, limited funding, and lack of parent and teachers support that result in cuts in special education.
This is narrow enough because I plan to research Spanish and English as the two languages to focus on while researching. However, for both special education program cuts and bilinugal programs, it may be better if I narrowed it to a certain location. The one thing I fear is that I will not be able to find enough research for my arguement if I narrow it to a certain location. I am interested in these topics because I wanted to find a topic that had to do with education. I am minoring in Spanish. Over the past few years, I have learned about the Spanish culture and have gained a apprecaition for the language. Also, I have learned that learning language at a young age is more benfiical than learning a second language at a older age. As for special education cuts being one of my topic, I have volunteered at a camp for special needs children. Further, I will be working with special education children in the future as a speech language pathologist. I am all about expanding my knowledge about special needs programs. Parents, educators, students, Spanish speaking individuals may all find these topics interesting. With Spanish being a very common language being spoken in the U.S., it is much debated if people will need to know and learn Spanish to help them in the future such as in a profession. Educators will find these topic interesting because they are constantly expected to challenge and alter the way they teach to ensure students are gaining a valuable education. Special education teachers would be interested in this topic because it would be advocating for the importance of their work. have listed above the causations and effects for these topics. I am most worried about arranging the caauses anf effects. Plus, I need to work on narrowing my topic.
One topic I would like to research is the need for Speech Pathology is school districts. Another topic is that special eduaction programs should not be cut from school districts. Both these topics could work because they are debated topics, but the majority of people would agree that these are necessary without having to argue it. Third, I would might want to narrow my topic to striclty the Missouri education system regarding the need for Speech Pathology or Special Education. This may help keep the information from getting to broad. In contrast, this may be a problem because I might not be able to find enough information. I would also like to write about the need for bilingual programs for students. This may be good because this topic will have recent information. It may not work because it may not be narrow enough. Finally, I would want to write about transportation in a city. This may work because it would not be difficult to research. On the other hand, certain cities may have better transportation guides than others.
W 2/19 Discuss the criteria you will use to evaluate your team’s debate preparation, arguments, and performance. Explain why these criteria are valid. Why are these the best methods for judging the effectiveness of your team’s preparation and debate performance?
One thing I will be looking for is if students use credible sources. It is important that they are not just giving information without giving facts or citing respected sources. This improves their ethos as well as their logos. Also, I look at how well the group prepared for their debate. Are they just reading information off an article. It is important to speak clearly and make eye contact with the opposing groups. These things seem small, but they ensure that they are ready for the debate and have thought out what they want to say. Further, I think the introductory statement/ proposal is essential to a strong argument. It is much needed to set up what the group is about to talk about.
M 2/17 The in-class debate is this week. Write a summary of your group’s position. Discuss the rhetorical appeals and support your group plans to discuss. In addition, brainstorm on how you can strengthen your ethos during the debate. Why do you think these strategies will be effective?
My group is in favor of allowing student athletes to get paid. We have used ethos and logos within out discussion. We were able to find articles that give us logos and ethos to strengthen our argument. For example, I found an article titled “College Sports” by Richard Warsnop. Within in this article, I was able to find statistics along with pulling out information from both sides of the argument of student athletes getting paid. Plus, this article references other people from other college athletic programs. Another appeal we are using is that one of my group members is a D1 athlete at SLU. My group mates were enthusiastic of using his perspective. However, I worry that it takes away from the strength of our argument. On the other hand, it could be a positive thing since we his first hand experience. In contrast, it can seem like we are bias.
Discuss 2-3 logical and/or emotional fallacies you will try to avoid in your debates and why it is important to do so.
I will try and avoid the either/ or fallacy. An either/ or fallacy can include something like “it is either my way or the highway.” There may be more than one alternative even though I may be only be stressing one. I will also try and avoid ad hominem or accusing the person who has an opposing point. I should not look down on the people with an opposing viewpoint for ridiculous reasons such as their personal characteristics that do not have to do with their argument. I will also avoid straw man which entails exaggerating people’s position so they do not have a chance to come back with a solid answer. In addition, I will avoid slippery slope, which involves saying that one step leads to a chain of bad effects. Using any of these fallacies says that I do not have enough information to back my argument. Further, it shows I cannot argue in a way that is effective to successfully prove my point.
In order to go about researching, my group and I are using many of the library resources on the SLU library website. For example, we are using Lexus Nexus, the card catalog, and CQ researcher. One method we are using is the phrases “opposing viewpoints” and “taking sides.” This is helping us narrow down our results when we search on for sources. Also, we all created a library account. Another place that has been helpful is Gale Virtual Database. This is a good start to get a clear idea about our topic. Some sources come from printed journals or articles within the Library. We are not planning to get our sources from Mobuis because we do not have enough time to wait for books to be shipped to the SLU library. I have found many useful sources on the Lexus Nexus website. I especially like the feature of sorting the article into “Pro” and “Con.” When we come together as a group, I was planning on composing all our research in a similar format. One large chart with the two sides of the argument along with the name of the source. Speaking of the name of the source, we will be able to ensure credibility by finding our sources from trustworthy databases and other SLU library resources instead of using skeptical sources that can be found on Google.